Summary or abridgement of a document.
A secondary publication, which contains abstracts from primary publications and a concise bibliographical reference to the original.
To retrieve information (data) from a storage device such as a floppy disk, or to gain entry to a computer system or peripheral.
The time to retrieve an item of information from a computer memory or storage facility.
Term used to indicate the act of obtaining publications and other media for a library.
A unique name (or number) identifying a computer user or computer. Addresses are used in network communication.
Subsidiary addition to a book or document - contains notes which are too long for footnotes, tables of statistics, or other items for which there is no room in the main text.
A system for locating files, on the Internet, that are publicly available for file transfer by anonymous FTP.
(AI). A discipline concerned with constructing computer programs to perform tasks in a way that imitates human thought processes.
A high speed connection within a network which connects shorter (usually slower) branch circuits.
The signal transfer capacity of a communication channel.
A unit for measuring the speed of sending computer information. In the particular case of a binary channel, the baud rate is equal to the bit rate, i.e. 1 baud = 1 bit per second.
Compilations of the titles, authors and references, and sometimes abstracts, of published papers, often on computer, with full-text or keyword searching.
The compilation of systematic or enumerative bibliographies - books, MSS, audio-visual formats and other publications - arranged in a logical order giving author, title, date and place of publication, publisher, details of edition, pagination, series and information contents.
BInary digiT. The smallest unit of information. A bit is either a 0 (zero) or a 1 (one). It is the basic unit for storing data in primary storage; = 0 for "off" and 1 for "on".
BITS PER SECOND (BPS)
The speed at which bits are transmitted over a communication medium - usually the number of bits (binary digits) which can be transmitted (or transferred) each second. One character is usually represented by 7 to 8, sometimes 10 bits. Common speeds for communication are 300, 1,200 , 2,400 , 4,800 and 9,600 bps giving 30, 120 , 240, 480 and 960 characters per second respectively.
A critical evaluation of a book.
A part of the library, closed to the public, which houses part of the library's collection (often the less frequently required material).
Used to terminate (or start) a computing process.
A short printed work of a few pages, merely stitched together, and not otherwise bound; a pamphlet.
A subdivision of a word. A BinarY digiT Eight - a unit of information usually consisting of 8 bits.
Arrangement in a sequence according to time or date.
Organisation of material (literature or other media) according to a given system or scheme.
A system or method of classification. e.g. Library of Congress (LC), Dewey Decimal System or Universal Decimal Classification (UDC).
The classification symbol placed on the spine of the book, and added to a catalogue entry to indicate the location of the book in the classification system and on the shelves.
A computer program which requests services from another computer - a server - usually a remote computer.
A system that requires one or more dedicated servers and has clients (workstations) that access these servers for services.
A program that makes possible, and simplifies, communication between computers.
COMPUTERISED INFORMATION RETRIEVAL
Computer-based information retrieval of information stored in databases.
A collection of articles published in connection with a conference or congress.
See CONFERENCE PUBLICATION.
A volume which comprises a collection of materials from earlier issues of a publication e.g. Annual and five year cumulations of abstracts and indexes.
A system, sometimes a publication, designed to help users to find the most recent information in a given area of interest.
A collection of structured data stored in one or more files, for example, a bibliographic database with references to documents.
Online information retrieval service. (Bern, Switzerland)
Online information retrieval service (Palo Alto, California, USA).
Representation of data or information in combinations of separate groups of digits suitable for processing by a computer.
Online information retrieval service (Cologne, Germany).
Provision of articles from a central archive, or store, to users or libraries. Traditionally printed copies, or photocopies of the document have been sent by post, but increasingly fax or computer networks are now being used for transmission
The process of transferring data (or files) from a remote computer storage facility or a CD-ROM to a smaller unit, e.g. disk. The process may use a telecommunication link or data network.
A peripheral device with read/write heads and associated electronics that can store and retrieve data from rotating magnetic disks. The term can also be applied to devices operating optical disks.
DUPLEX (Full Duplex)
Involving or denoting a connection between two endpoints, either physical or logical, over which data may travel in both directions simultaneously.
EC online information retrieval service (Luxembourg)
Messages sent from the user of a computer to one or more recipients via communication networks.
ELECTRONIC BULLETIN BOARDS
Services available on computer networks, by which a message is transmitted simultaneously to a group of users.
Services available on computer networks which enable a group of defined users to contribute to and participate in a continuing dialogue (in electronic form) on a given specific topic.
A collection of articles available in electronic form over a computer network.
The facility to store electronic mail for subsequent forwarding to a recipient.
See Electronic Mail.
European Space Agency - Information Retrieval Service. Online database host. (Frascati, Rome, Italy).
A type of local area network developed by Xerox in the 'seventies for connecting personal computers.
A collection of data, of any form, that is stored beyond the point in time when it is created and used. It may contain program instructions, or data that consists of numerical, textual or graphical information. In data processing, a file is a set of similar or related records that are treated in the same way.
Relates to the format of a book; a book printed on sheets of paper folded once, each sheet making two leaves or four pages. Usually 35 to 50 centimetres high.
Computerised database in which the material is stored in full-text, and available for searching.
A means of connecting networks. Often transparent to the user.
Client/server software providing flexible access to Internet resources. Users have a seamless view of information in the "gopher world" even though this information is distributed amongst many hosts (servers).
A computer that is attached to a network and provides services such as online information retrieval from remote databases.
A systematic list or table of items, terms, topics, words, ideas, concepts, information or data, names of persons, places, etc. contained in a source or group of sources of recorded information or data. An index is usually arranged in alphabetical order.
The art of compiling an index.
A secondary publication containing bibliographic identification details for the contents of primary publications within a given subject area.
The entering of data into the computer, by means of such devices as keyboards, scanners, bar-code readers, or from online, CD-ROM or other storage media.
Pertaining to the exchange of information and control between a user and a computer process.
Networks of networks - an international computer communications network using the TCP/IP protocol, and used for electronic mail, the transmission of files, electronic conferences, remote access to library catalogues and databases, etc.
INTERLIBRARY LOAN (ILL)
Systems whereby one library or information system may borrow material (books) or obtain photocopies of an article from another library for a library user. Sometimes called a Document Ordering and Supply Service.
A word used to describe the contents of a document and used to provide an access point for searching in an index or database.
An automated library system that is used by many academic libraries in the United Kingdom, Sweden and Spain.
BITNET service (software) providing distributed messages that form electronic conferences and allow the archiving of files and messages which can be searched and retrieved.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
The Library of Congress (Washington, DC)
It has its own classification system which is widely used throughout the world.
LIBRary Information System. The computer- based union catalogue of the Swedish academic and research libraries.
LOCAL AREA NETWORK
A communication network linking a number of (LAN)personal computers in the same "local" area (often the same building).
To find out in which library a given publication can be found.
LOGIN / LOGON
The process by which a user identifies himself as a legitimate user to a computer system. Similar terms - log on, log in, logging in or sign on.
LOGOFF / LOGOUT
A closing procedure to formally end a computer session.
MAchine Readable Catalogue - the MARC format was developed to provide an internationally acceptable standard for the exchange of bibliographical data in a machine-readable form.
A flat sheet of photographic film standardised at 105 mm x 148 mm, displaying at the top a catalogue entry, or title, and bearing in horizontal and vertical rows micro-images of the text of a publication.
MOdulator-DEModulator - a device that converts a digital signal from the computer into an analogue signal that can be transmitted over telephone line circuits, and vice versa.
Computer database comprising text, graphic and audio material.
A bibliography which lists all the books and other publications published, in a given country, as well as books about that country or in the language of that country.
A data network consisting of the joint data networks of the Nordic countries: SUNET (Sweden), DENET (Denmark), FUNET (Finland) and UNINETT (Norway) and SURIS (Iceland).
A device is said to be off-line when connected to a system but unavailable for use.
A device or peripheral which is connected to a system and available for use.
Interactive computerised searching of databases operated on a host system.
A portion of a work in which one or more volumes is issued by a publisher as the work is completed for publication. Parts may be issued at frequent, regular intervals, as fortnightly, or at monthly, yearly, or irregular intervals, according to the nature of the work and its compilation.
In accessing a computer file, or using an online database, the user may be asked to key in a code (password) that identifies his right to access or use the system.
A publication with a distinctive title which appears at stated or regular intervals, without prior decision as to when the last issue shall appear.
PLACE OF PUBLICATION
The geographical location of the publishing house in question.
A publication containing original (new) material, e.g. papers describing the results of original research, in scientific journals.
A server that provides shared printers for a network of PCs or workstations.
A standard set of rules for the transmission of data in networks. Examples of such languages are TCP/IP, OSI, DECnet, AppleTalk and X.25.
A data structure consisting of a number of named components or fields not necessarily of one type. A database consists of a number of records.
An independent expert who assists the editor of a journal in the evaluation of contributions submitted for publication.
Is often used as a term for indicating the source of a cited publication, such as a book, journal article or conference paper. Full bibliographical details facilitate location of a given reference.
Books and other library materials that may not be borrowed for use outside the library.
A search through previous publications for information on a required topic.
The logical combination of search terms, or concepts, which is "run" against information databases for a particular information retrieval enquiry, for example in online searching.
A document such as an abstract, digest, index to periodicals, current awareness journal, or popularisation, which is prepared in order to disseminate more widely information which has already appeared in another form, in a Primary Publication.
SELECTIVE DISSEMINATION INFORMATION (SDI)
An automated system for information retrieval in which a profile of the user's information needs is matched against information stored in a database(s), at regular intervals.
The convergence of the disciplines in telecommunications, computer engineering, data processing and office machinery industries.
A terminal emulation program for logging in to other computer systems on the Internet.
Literally, a storehouse, or treasury of knowledge. A lexicon, more especially where words are grouped by ideas; a grouping or classification of synonyms or near synonyms; a set of equivalent classes of terminology. "A thesaurus can be defined according either to function or structure. Functionally, a terminologically controlled device used in translating from the natural language of documents into a more constrained system language. Structurally it is a controlled and dynamic vocabulary of semantically and generically related terms which cover a specific domain of knowledge", UNISIST.
Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB), Hannover, Germany. A large lending library specialising in technological literature.
A single coherent action on a file or database.
Various levels of rules that govern the way in which the transfer of data is carried out. A few of the more important are the type of terminal (full screen with function keys [VT100/320 or 3270] or scrolling [TTY]), speed in BPS (or baud), duplex, number of bits (7 or 8), number of stop bits and parity. See also PROTOCOL.
A catalogue showing the holdings of a number of libraries, indicating the location where a given item may be found.
Action meaning to "upload" a file (text) from your own computer to a host computer. The text may consist of logging on sequences, search commands or general files.
A Gopher service that provides keyword searching of Gopher menu items.
WIDE AREA NETWORK (WAN)
A communication network covering a fairly wide area.
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